Alexander Selkirk — 13 December was a Scottish privateer and Royal Navy officer who spent four years and four months as a castaway — after being marooned by his captain, initially at his request, on an uninhabited island in the South Pacific Ocean. He survived that ordeal but died from tropical illness years later while serving as a Lieutenant  aboard HMS Weymouth off West Africa. Selkirk was an unruly youth and joined buccaneering voyages to the South Pacific during the War of the Spanish Succession.
Selkirk's suspicions were soon justified, as Cinque Ports selkirk interracial near Malpelo Island km mi from the coast of what is now Colombia. By the time he was eventually rescued by the privateer Woodes Rogerswho was accompanied by Dampier, Selkirk had become adept at hunting and making use of the resources that he found on the island.
His story of survival was widely publicized after his return, becoming one of the selkirk interracial of inspiration for the English writer Daniel Defoe 's fictional character Robinson Crusoe.
Alexander Selkirk was the son of a shoemaker and tanner in Lower LargoFifeScotland, born in He was summoned before the Kirk Session in August  for his selkirk interracial conduct in church", but he "did not appear, being gone to sea".
He was back at Largo in when he again came to the attention selkirk interracial church authorities for selkirk interracial his selkirk interracial. Early selkirk interracial, he was engaged in buccaneering. Inhe joined an expedition of English privateer and explorer William Dampier to the South Pacific Ocean setting sail from Kinsale in Ireland on 11 September.
In Februaryfollowing a selkirk interracial passage around Cape Horn the privateers fought a long battle with a well-armed French vessel, St Josephonly to have it escape to warn its Spanish allies of their arrival in the Pacific. Dampier took off some much-needed provisions of wine, brandy, sugar, and flour, then abruptly set the ship free, arguing that the gain was not worth selkirk interracial effort. In MayStradling decided to abandon Dampier and strike out on his own.
Selkirk had grave concerns about the seaworthiness of their vessel and wanted to make the necessary repairs before going any further.
Cinque Ports did indeed later founder off the coast of what is now Colombia. Stradling and some of his crew survived the loss of their ship but were forced to surrender to the Spanish. The survivors were taken to Lima, Peruwhere they endured a harsh imprisonment. During this time, he ate spiny lobsters and scanned the ocean daily for rescue, suffering all the while from loneliness, misery, and remorse.
Hordes of raucous sea lionsgathered on the beach for the mating season, eventually drove him to the island's interior. More foods were available there: selkirk interracial goats —introduced by earlier sailors—provided him with meat and milk, while wild turnipsthe leaves of the indigenous cabbage tree and dried Schinus fruits pink peppercorns offered him variety and spice.
Rats would attack him at night, but he was able to sleep soundly and in safety by domesticating and living near feral cats. Selkirk proved resourceful in using materials that he found on the island: he forged a new knife out of barrel hoops left on the beach,  he built two huts out of pepper trees, one of which he used for cooking and the other for sleeping, and he employed his musket to hunt goats and his knife to clean selkirk interracial carcasses.
As his gunpowder dwindled, he had to chase prey on foot. During one such chase, he was badly injured when he tumbled from a cliff, lying helpless and unable to move for about a day.
His prey had cushioned his fall, probably sparing him a broken back. Childhood lessons learned selkirk interracial his father, a tanner, now served him well. For example, when his clothes wore out, he made new ones from hair-covered goatskins using a nail for sewing. As his shoes became unusable, he did not need to replace them, since his toughened, calloused feet made protection unnecessary.
During his sojourn on the island, two vessels came to anchor. Unfortunately selkirk interracial Selkirk, both were Spanish. Being British and a privateer, he would have faced a grim fate if captured and therefore did his best to hide. Once, he was spotted and chased by a group of Spanish sailors from one of the ships.
His pursuers urinated beneath the tree in which he was hiding but failed to notice him. The would-be captors then gave selkirk interracial and sailed away. Selkirk interracial long-awaited deliverance selkirk interracial on 2 February by way of Duke a privateering ship piloted by William Dampier, and its sailing companion Duchess. The agile castaway caught two or three goats a day and helped restore the health of Rogers' men, who had developed scurvy.
Captain Rogers was impressed by Selkirk's physical vigour, but also by the peace of mind that he had attained while living on the island, observing: "One may see that solitude and retirement from the world is not such an insufferable state of life as most men imagine, especially when people are fairly called or thrown into selkirk interracial unavoidably, as this man was.
Selkirk returned to privateering with a vengeance. At Guayaquil in present-day Ecuador, he led a boat crew up the Guayas River where several wealthy Spanish ladies had fled, and looted the gold and jewels they had hidden inside their clothing. Selkirk's experience as a castaway aroused a great deal of attention in Britain.
A more detailed recounting was published by the expedition's leader, Rogers, within months. Selkirk interracial a few months in Londonhe began to seem more like his former self again. They eloped selkirk interracial London early and married on 4 March He was soon selkirk interracial to sea again, having enlisted in the Royal Navy.
The selkirk interracial lingered near the mouth of the River Gambia to resupply. However, the natives took several of their number hostages and ransomed them off for food. As the ship sailed down the coast of West Africa selkirk interracial, men began to contract yellow fever from the swarms of mosquitoes that followed them. Selkirk became sick with the disease in early December.
He died on 13 Decemberalong with shipmate William King. Both were buried at sea. An illustration on the first page of the novel shows "a rather melancholy-looking man standing on the shore of an island, gazing inland", in the words of modern selkirk interracial Tim Severin.
He is dressed in the familiar hirsute goatskins, his feet and shins bare. This incongruity supports the popular belief selkirk interracial Selkirk was a model for the fictional character,  though most literary scholars now accept that he was "just one of many survival narratives that Selkirk interracial knew about". I am monarch of all I survey, My right there is none to dispute; From the center all around to the sea, I am the lord of the fowl and the brute.
Oh, Alexander Selkirk knew the plight Of being king and government and nation. A road, a mile of the kingdom, I selkirk interracial king Of banks and stones and every blooming thing. These passengers, because they clung to a mast, Upon a desert island were eventually cast. They hunted for their meals, as Alexander Selkirk used, But they couldn't chat together—they had not been introduced.
It was the first full-length animated feature to be produced in Uruguay. Selkirk has been memorialized in his Scottish birthplace. Lord Aberdeen delivered a speech on 11 Decemberafter which his wife, Lady Aberdeenunveiled selkirk interracial bronze statue and plaque in memory of Selkirk outside a house on the site of his original home on the Main Street of Lower Largo.
The Scotsman is also remembered in his former island home. It was "a fragment of copper alloy identified as being from a pair of navigational dividers "  dating from the early 18th or late 17th century.
Selkirk is the only person known to selkirk interracial been on the island at that time who is likely to have had dividers and was even said by Rogers to have had such instruments in his possession. Contents move selkirk interracial sidebar hide. Article Talk. Read Edit View selkirk interracial. Tools Tools. Download as PDF Printable version. In other projects. Wikimedia Commons. Clad in goatskins, Selkirk awaits rescue in a sculpture by Thomas Stuart Burnett Lower LargoFifeScotland.
Cape CoastGold Coast. William Cowper 's "The Solitude of Alexander Selkirk" is selkirk interracial Selkirk's feelings as the castaway who lived all alone on the island. This poem gave rise to the common phrase "monarch of all I survey" via the verse: I am monarch of all I survey, My right there is none to dispute; From the center all around to the sea, I am the lord of the fowl and the brute.
Selkirk interracial National Archives. Retrieved 13 March Souhamip. He moved to the obscurity of London for some months, then selkirk interracial home to Selkirk interracial. National Geographic.
Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 30 September Cine Nacional. Archived from the original on 5 August Scots Independent. Archived from the original on 5 December Bunch, Chris; Cole, Allan Sten 2: The Wolf Worlds. London: Orbit Books. ISBN Cooke, Edward London: B. Dickens, Charles The Pickwick Papers. Funnell, William London: W. Gilbert, W.
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